The Florida Keys
Your Keys experience begins on your 18-mile drive south on “The Stretch,” a portion of U.S. 1 with a specially colored blue median that takes you from Florida City to Key Largo. The real magic begins at mile marker 113, where the Florida Keys Scenic Highway begins. As the only All-American Road in Florida, it is a destination unto itself, one that crosses 42 bridges over water, including the Seven Mile Bridge—with its stunning vistas—and ends in Key West. Look for crocodiles, alligators, and bald eagles along the way.
Key West has a Mardi Gras mood with Fantasy Festival, a Hemingway look-alike contest, and the occasional threat to secede from the Union. It’s an island whose eclectic natives, known as “Conchs,” mingle well with visitors (of the spring-break variety as well as those seeking to escape reality for a while) on this scenic, sometimes raucous 4×2-mile island paradise.
Although life elsewhere in the island chain isn’t near as offbeat, it is as diverse. Overflowing bursts of bougainvillea, shimmering waters, and mangrove-lined islands can be admired throughout. The one thing most visitors don’t admire much in the Keys are their beaches. They’re not many, and they’re not what you’d expect. The reason? The coral reef. It breaks up the waves and prevents sand from being dumped on the shores. That’s why the beaches are mostly rough sand, as it’s crushed coral. Think of it as a trade-off: the Keys have the only living coral reef in the United States, but that reef prevents miles of shimmering sands from ever arriving.
In season, a river of traffic gushes southwest on this highway. But that doesn’t mean you can’t enjoy the ride as you cruise along the islands. Gaze over the silvery blue-and-green Atlantic and its living coral reef, with Florida Bay, the Gulf of Mexico, and the backcountry on your right (the Keys extend southwest from the mainland). At a few points the ocean and gulf are as much as 10 miles apart; in most places, however, they’re from 1 to 4 miles apart, and on the narrowest landfill islands they’re separated only by the road.
While the views can be mesmerizing, to appreciate the Keys you need to get off the highway, especially in more developed regions like Key Largo, Islamorada, and Marathon. Once you do, rent a boat, anchor, and then fish, swim, or marvel at the sun, sea, and sky. Or visit one of the many sandbars, which are popular places to float the day away. Ocean side, dive or snorkel spectacular coral reefs or pursue grouper, blue marlin, mahimahi, and other deepwater game fish. Along Florida Bay’s coastline, kayak to secluded islands through mangrove forests, or seek out the bonefish, snapper, snook, and tarpon that lurk in the shallow grass flats and mangrove roots of the backcountry.
With virtually no distracting air pollution or obstructive high-rises, sunsets are a pure, unadulterated spectacle that each evening attract locals and visitors to any waterfront.
The Keys were only sparsely populated until the early 20th century. In 1905, however, railroad magnate Henry Flagler began building the extension of his Florida railroad south from Homestead to Key West. His goal was to establish a Miami–Key West rail link to his steamships that sailed between Key West and Havana, just 90 miles across the Straits of Florida. The railroad arrived at Key West in 1912, and remained a lifeline of commerce until the Labor Day hurricane of 1935 washed out much of its roadbed. The Overseas Highway, built over the railroad’s old roadbeds and bridges, was completed in 1938.
More recommendations from Fodors.com on all sorts of things to do once you’ve arrived!
Seafood rules in the Keys, which is full of chef-owned restaurants with not-too-fancy food. Many restaurants serve cuisine that reflects the proximity of the Bahamas and Caribbean (you’ll see the term “Floribbean” on many menus). Tropical fruits figure prominently—especially on the beverage side of the menu. Florida spiny lobster should be local and fresh from August to March, and stone crabsfrom mid-October to mid-May. And don’t dare leave the islands without sampling conch, be it in a fritter or in ceviche. Keep an eye out for authentic key lime pie—yellow custard in a graham-cracker crust. If it’s green, just say “no.” Note: Particularly in Key West and particularly during spring break, the more affordable and casual restaurants can get loud and downright rowdy, with young visitors often more interested in drinking than eating. Live music contributes to the decibel levels. If you’re more of the quiet, intimate-dining type, avoid such overly exuberant scenes by eating early or choosing a restaurant where the bar isn’t the main focus.
We’ve compiled the best of the best in The Florida Keys – browse our top choices for the top things to see during your stay.
From upscale to bargain bin, from local souvenirs to timeless finds, we’ve culled our favorite shopping locations in The Florida Keys.
Whether you’re looking for a dive bar, swanky lounge, or all-hours nightclub, we’ve got you covered.
Discover the best of local culture in The Florida Keys with our performing arts recommendations.
- John Pennekamp Coral Reef State Park A perfect introduction to the Florida Keys, this nature reserve offers snorkeling, diving, camping, and kayaking. An underwater highlight is the massive Christ of the Deep statue.
- Under the sea Whether you scuba dive, snorkel, or ride a glass-bottom boat, don’t miss gazing at the coral reef and its colorful denizens.
- Sunset at Mallory Square Sure, it’s touristy, but just once while you’re here, you’ve got to witness the circuslike atmosphere of this nightly celebration.
- Duval crawl Shop, eat, drink, repeat. Key West’s Duval Street and the nearby streets make a good day’s worth of window-shopping and people-watching.
- Get on the water From angling for trophy-size fish to zipping out to the Dry Tortugas, a boat trip is in your future. It’s really the whole point of the Keys.
High season in the Keys falls between Christmas and Easter. November to mid-December crowds are thinner, the weather is wonderful, and hotels and shops drastically reduce their prices. Summer, which is hot and humid, is becoming a second high season, especially among Floridians, families, and European travelers. If you plan to attend the wild Fantasy Fest in October, book your room at least six months in advance. Accommodations are also scarce during the last consecutive Wednesday and Thursday in July (lobster sport season) and starting the first weekend in August, when the commercial lobster season begins.
Winter is typically 10°F warmer than on the mainland; summer is usually a few degrees cooler. The Keys also get substantially less rain, around 40 inches annually, compared with an average 55–60 inches in Miami and the Everglades. In the summertime, “thunder boomers” (quick-moving thunderstorms) pass through most afternoons, although tropical storms can dump rain for two or more days. Winter cold fronts occasionally stall over the Keys, dragging overnight temperatures down to the low 50s.
STAY WITH US IN THE FLORIDA KEYS
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In The Middle Keys:
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In The Lower Keys:
In the Lower Keys, KeysCaribbean Luxury Resort Villas and Marinas has the Coral Hammock Resort Villas and Kings Point Marina & Condominiums vacation rentals